Lexic

Warning: Keep in mind that the definitions and distinctions mentioned in the glossary are theoretical. In practice, every individual experiences their sexual orientation and gender identity differently. The choice to use a label or not and the reasons for this choice are personal.

 
 
 
 

A

Allies:

People who sympathize with the cause of LGBTQ+ people.

Asexual

A person who feels no sexual attraction. These people sometimes feel marginalized by society, which is highly sexualized. 

B

Bisexual

A person who feels emotional and/or physical attraction towards people of both sexes.

C

Cisgender

A person whose gender identity corresponds to the sex that was attributed to them at birth. This is used to describe a person who is not transgender.

D

Drag king/ Drag queen

Person who performs a gender other than their own through a character. This gender is often performed stereotypically and humorously. It is can be an artistic performance, entertainment and / or parody, but is not the same as a gender identity or sexual orientation.

G

Gay

A male-identified person who feels emotionally and/or physically attracted to some members of the same gender. The term “gay” is also used by certain lesbian women to define themselves.

Gender

A term which differs from the term “sex”, gender being all the social and cultural representations that define the identity of the social roles of men and women. All cultures assign different roles to each sex.

Gender expression

The externalization of one’s gender identity (hairstyle, manners, clothing, etc.). It can be independent of the sex assigned to a person at birth.

Gender identity

The way one feels inside: man, woman, somewhere between the two or neither one nor the other. This private and personal experience is specific to each person. It is not determined by the person’s sex.

H

Heteronormativity

System of norms and beliefs that reinforce the imposition of heterosexuality as the only legitimate sexuality or way of life.

Homophobia

In the Quebec  Policy against homophobia, homophobia is defined as “all negative attitudes towards homosexuality that can lead to direct or indirect discrimination towards gay, lesbian or bisexual people or people perceived as LGB individuals”.

Internalized homophobia

The taking in of negative messages about homosexuality. In LGB people, it can lead to self-hatred and/or discomfort in the face of sexual diversity that can go as far as disparagement and rejection.

Homosexual

A person who feels a loving or sexual attraction more or less exclusively for people of the same gender.

I

Intersex

A person whose sex naturally has characteristics that are not strictly masculine or feminine. Many intersex people underwent irreversible medical interventions in their childhood to impose one of the two sexes on them.

L

Lesbian

A person who is female-identified and who has an emotional and/or physical attraction for other women.

 

LGBT

An acronym referring to people identifying as lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgender people.

Lesbophobia

Disgust, hatred, fear or rejection of lesbianism or lesbians.

M

Misgendering

To misgender means to use the wrong name, bad pronouns or bad chords when talking about someone. It is important to try to avoid this kind of situation and respect a person's pronouns. If you misgender someone unintentionally, don't panic, everybody makes mistakes, a simple sorry followed by the right pronoun or Name will do, just as you would when you make a mistake in someone's name.

N

Non-binary

Term describing a person whose gender is neither strictly “female” or “male”.

P

Pansexual

Pansexual is a term for someone who experiences an emotional and/or physical attraction for people regardless of their gender or sex.

Q

Queer

A person who does not adhere to the traditional binary division of gender and sexualities and who self-identifies with a nonconformist or fluid gender identity or sexual orientation. This term has been appropriated by LGBT communities as a symbol of self-determination and liberation rather than an insult. It refers to anyone whose identity or practices run counter to the norms that structure the heteronormative social model.

Questioning

Describes people who are questioning their sexual orientation or gender identity.

S

Sexual diversity

Covers all groups whose sexual orientation or gender identity or expression does not conform with the heterosexual and cisgender norms.

T

Transphobia

In the Quebec Anti-homophobia Policy, transphobia is defined as “negative attitudes that can lead to rejection and direct or indirect discrimination towards transsexual, transgender or transvestite people, or such attitudes with respect to anyone who transgresses gender, sex or gender- and sex-related norms and representations”.

Transgender identity, trans

A person whose gender does not correspond to the sex assigned to them at birth.

Some transgender people prefer the term transsexual and others prefer the term transgender. Historically, these terms made it possible to distinguish between people feeling the need for surgical modifications and those that did not. Today, this dichotomy is considered outdated and people use one or the other of these terms, or simply the word “trans”, depending on their personal choice.

Two-Spirited/bispiritual

In some North American Aboriginal communities, a person who embodies characteristics and qualities considered to be both masculine and feminine. The term is also used, in some Aboriginal communities, to refer generally to transgender people.

Sources

Chambre de commerce LGBT du Québec, Lexique sur la diversité sexuelle et de genre en milieu de travail (Quebec LGBT Chamber of Commerce, Glossary of sexual and gender diversity in the workplace).

Glossaire: LGBTQI2SNBA+. Les mots de la diversité liée au sexe, au genre et à l’orientation sexuelle, Dominique Dubuc, FNEEQ -CSN (LGBTQl2SNBA+ glossary. Words of diversity related to sex, gender and sexual orientation).

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

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About us

Fondation Émergence's mission is to educate, inform and raise public awareness about the realities of people who belong to sexual and gender diversity. This includes, but is not limited to, lesbian, gay, bisexual, trans, queer, intersex and 2-spirit people.

Contact us

Fondation Émergence inc.
C.P. 55510
Centre Maisonneuve
Montréal (Québec) H1W 0A1

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