From tolerating to accepting

 

What is homophobia ?

Homophobia is an attitude, feeling, discomfort or aversion to homosexuals or to homosexuality in general. Homophobia is comparable to sexism, anti-Semitism, racism or misogyny. It comes from the incapacity of accepting difference and does not rest on any legitimate basis.

Tenacious discrimination

As with any other form of discrimination, homophobia is deeply rooted in society. It is found in both individuals and organizations. Sneaky and persistent, homophobia is still widespread. This is partly because, until recently, homosexuals were considered mentally ill or criminals.

Bad jokes

Laughter is a great thing. The problem is that jokes are too often being made at the expense of already vulnerable communities and it participates in dehumanizing or othering them. To hurt or humiliate a person is not funny.

If you want to make a joke about homosexuality, laugh at homophobes, not homosexuals.

To be silent is to be an accomplice

Homophobia must be denounced whenever you witness or suffer homophobic gestures or words. It's a personal, social and civic responsibility.

It is preferable to intervene directly and to express disagreement, if it is safe. In certain cases, the situation must be reported to the authorities competent.

Did you know ?

In a study conducted in Germany in 2017, 38.4% of respondents said they were not comfortable with the sight of a two men kissing.

Our 2003 survey showed that 60% of Quebecers felt rather uncomfortable with the idea of two men kissing each other lovingly on the lips in a public place.

 

Different types of homophobia

  • Homophobic attitude

Feeling or opinion that homosexual people are abnormal or sick.

  • Heterosexist homophobia

Belief that everyone is heterosexual or that heterosexuality is the only proper sexual orientation. This belief is based on the notion that the majority’s way is the right way.

  • Homophobic language

Language using vocabulary and expressions ranging from taunts to insults.

  • Interpersonal homophobia

Demonstration of discomfort, insecurity or fear in contact with homosexuals.

  • Institutional or systemic homophobia

Institutional practice built into a system where homosexuals are disadvantaged.

  • Homophobia of interest

Attitude of people who discriminate against homosexuals for pecuniary or personal purposes and who refuse any association with homosexuality.

  • Internalized homophobia

Type of homophobia, often unconscious, resulting from education and values ​​transmitted by society. Homosexuals are not immune to this form of homophobia, having received the same education as everyone and having been influenced by the same values ​​of society.

  • Passive homophobia

A passive attitude of saying nothing or doing nothing in the face of homophobic behavior, whereas the situation would require us to intervene to put an end to it.

  • Violent homophobia

Extreme manifestation of homophobia that leads to violence, ranging from verbal aggression to hate crime.

 

Survey's results

In 2003, Canadian society was still uncomfortable with homosexuality

According to 2003 survey :

  • Three out of five Quebecers (60%) don’t feel comfortable with the idea of two men kissing each other lovingly on the lips in a public place. This figure drops to 53% when it comes to two kissing women.

  • For more than half (54%) of Quebecers surveyed, a heterosexual man would be rather uncomfortable having a general examination by a doctor he knows to be homosexual.

  • Almost one-third (30%) of respondents are somewhat uncomfortable with the idea of a boy attending a primary or secondary school class with a teacher who does not hide that he is gay.

© 2018 by Fondation Émergence
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About us

Fondation Émergence's mission is to educate, inform and raise public awareness about the realities of people who belong to sexual and gender diversity. This includes, but is not limited to, lesbian, gay, bisexual, trans, queer, intersex and 2-spirit people.

Contact us

Fondation Émergence inc.
C.P. 55510
Centre Maisonneuve
Montréal (Québec) H1W 0A1

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